Chest tube Nursing Care

Although chest tube insertion is a relatively simple procedure, nursing assistance is necessary to support the client and rapidly establish a closed drainage system. POSTPROCEDURE CARE •Assess respiratory status at least every 4 hours. Frequent assess-ment is necessary to monitor respiratory status and the effect of chest tube The nursing staff is key during all phases of care for patients who may require a chest tube in the future, have a chest tube in place, or recently had a chest tube removed. Nursing evaluation of patients in pre-hospital settings, resuscitation bays, CT scanner, ward, and ICU could be the first healthcare provider to identify a change in patient status related to a space-occupying lesion in the thoracic space Chest drainage devices are used to restore negative pressure to the pleural space and dr... In this video, you will learn about the nursing care of chest tubes Never lift drain above chest level; The unit and all tubing should be below patient's chest level to facilitate drainage; Tubing should have no kinks or obstructions that may inhibit drainage; Ensure all connections between chest tubes and drainage unit are tight and secure Connections should have cable ties in plac Nursing care after chest-tube removal includes: ongoing respiratory assessment; vital-sign documentation; monitoring the site for drainage; assessing the patient's comfort level. De-stress over chest tubes

Nursing care after chest-tube removal includes : • Ongoing respiratory assessment. • Vital-sign documentation. • Monitoring the site for drainage. • Assessing the patient's comfort level. Chest tube maintenance. Keep all tubing patent and free of kinks or obstructions Check the chest tube dressing at least every shift. Palpate the area surrounding the dressing for crepitus or subcutaneous emphysema, which indicates that air is leaking into the subcutaneous tissue surrounding the insertion site. Change the dressing when soiled or according to the doctor's order or your facility's policy. Care of client with chest tube 1. Care of Clientwith under waterseal drainage 2. is a flexible plastictube that is insertedthrough the side of thechest into the pleuralspace to reexpandthe lung

  1. Nursing care planning and management for patients with hemothorax or pneumothorax includes management of chest tube drainage, monitoring respiratory status, and providing supportive care. Below are three (3) nursing care plans (NCP) and nursing diagnosis (NDx) for patients with pneumothorax and hemothorax
  2. NCLEX Questions on Chest Tube Care. 1. You are providing care to a patient with a chest tube. On assessment of the drainage system, you note continuous bubbling in the water seal chamber and oscillation. Which of the following is the CORRECT nursing intervention for this type of finding? A. Reposition the patient because the tubing is kinked
  3. Chest tube selection: Chest tubes are silicone or PVC that have a radiopaque strip with a gap that serves to mark the post proximal drainage hole. Chest tubes are in a range of French (Fr) sizes from 14 to 40. Since these tubes can become plugged easily with blood or purulent drainage, a large tube is needed. Fo
  4. Get the Lab Values Cheat Sheet at: http://www.NURSING.com/labsManagement of chest tubes can be a complex procedure for nurses. Understanding how to interpre..
  5. Nursing Care Plan For With Chest Tube Clients Assess patient for respiratory distress and chest pain, breath sounds over affected lung area, and stable vital signs Observe for increase respiratory distress Chest tube dressing, ensure tubing is paten
  6. Autotransfusion: Risks, benefits, and nursing care [PDF]) Managing pleural-space disruptions The overall goal of chest-tube therapy (chest tube care) is to promote lung reexpansion, restore adequate oxygenation and ventilation, and prevent complications. For treatment of pleural-space disruptions, chest-tube therapy should focus on thre
  7. Pulmonary Concepts In Critical Care Care of the Patient with Chest Tube. Pre Insertion. I. Assessment. Assess patient's breath sounds, heart rate, blood pressure, temperature, respiratory rate and rhythm and O 2 saturation.; Assess patient allergies

A chest drain (also known as under water sealed drains (are used in the management of infants to remove air (pneumothorax), fluid (blood, pleural effusion, chyle) or pus (empyema) from the pleural (or occasionally the extrapleural) space. Their insertion should allow re-expansion of the lung and restoration of negative pressure in the thoracic cavity. Chest drains can be sited routinely in theatre, or in the neonatal unit in an urgent or emergency situation • A chest tube is a catheter inserted through the thorax to remove air and fluids from the pleural space, to prevent air or fluid from re- entering the pleural space, or to Re-establish normal intrapleural and intrapulmonic pressures 3 To facilitate air and fluid drainage, a chest tube is inserted so that the chest tube eyelets are located inside the chest wall. The catheter is loosely sutured in place. Frequently two catheters are inserted, in which case one is placed near the apex to remove air while the other is placed in the lower part of the chest to remove any pooled blood (Atrium Medical, 2013)

Care Of A Chest Tube - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshel

Nursing Care of Chest Tubes - YouTub

  1. ate this pressure accumulation
  2. Overview Chest tube is inserted through chest wall into pleural space, in order to: Drain fluid, blood, or air Pleural Effusion Hemothorax Pneumothorax Post-Op drainage Establish negative pressure (one-way valve) Facilitate lung expansion Nursing Points General Setup Chest tube - varying sizes Holes in end Secured with suture Drainage system Tubing Collection chamber (2000 mL [
  3. Nursing dx - chest tube. I feel a bit stuck on my dx. I have a pt with an interesting situation. She came in a few weeks ago after a fall, she broke her rib causing a pneumothorax. She had an emergency chest tube placed. They have tried twice to remove her chest tube and get her to rehab, but her lung keeps collapsing
  4. ate the air of mystery from chest tubes. Nursing2002. 2(6):36-43, June 2002. Smeltzer SC, et al. Brunner and Suddarth's Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing, 11th edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007. Sole ML, et al. (eds). Introduction to Critical Care Nursing, 4th edition. Elsevier, 2005
  5. 14.4 Tape chest tube to chest wall below dressing. Imag e taken from AACN procedural manual for high acuity, progressive, and critical care (2017) NOTE: In some situations (i.e. traumas, neonates), elastoplast tape may be used t
  6. chest tube. • If you have any questions or concerns. • If tube falls out, cover the hole in the CHEST TUBE HOME CARE School of Nursing. The Regents of the University of Michigan: Michael J. Behm, Mark J. Bernstein, Laurence B. Deitch, Shauna Ryder Diggs, Denise Ilitch, Andrea Fischer Newman, Andrew C. Richner

Clinical Guidelines (Nursing) : Chest drain managemen

As indicated, provide emergency care to the patient if the chest tube becomes disconnected from the drainage system. (1) Clamp the chest tube. (2) Cleanse the end of the tubing with an antiseptic solution and reconnect or cut off the contaminated tips of the chest tube and tubing and insert a sterile connecting piece Previous surveys on the knowledge of care of chest drains in both adult and pediatric patients have identified significant gaps in knowledge., Only 33.3% of our respondents have received some form of lectures or symposium about nursing care of chest drains. This low figure agrees with other studies Chest tube placement is a life-saving medical procedure, and understanding the management and care of patients with chest tubes is critical for nurses. Before assessing the chest tube or patient, it is important to know if the drainage system should be hooked up to continuous wall suction or water seal Your chest tube is a flexible tube that's placed between your ribs, into the space near your lungs (your pleural space). A Pneumostat is a one-way valve that connects to your chest tube (see Figure 1). Your chest tube and Pneumostat let extra air and fluid out of your chest, letting your lung expand fully

Chest Tube Care, Management and Troubleshootin

Chest tube care in critically ill patient: A comprehensive

Chest Tube Drainage System Monitoring and Care Nurse Ke

hi kaitrn, according to kinkwood (a cardiovascular anp) practices such as suctioning and/or irrigating chest tubes to free blood clots, either pleural or mediastinal, are described in the literature. even though there is no research to support this practice, munnell7 states that irrigation of a chest catheter or drainage tube occasionally must bed one if blockage from a blood clot is. Notify primary health care provider to reinsert new chest tube drainage system. Accidental disconnection of the drainage system: A chest tube drainage system disconnecting from the chest tube inside the patient is an emergency. Immediately clamp the tube and place the end of chest tube in sterile water or NS. The two ends will need to be. Chest tube: A chest tube is used to remove air, blood, or fluid from around your lungs or heart. The chest tube is attached to a container to collect the draining blood or fluid. Call a healthcare provider right away if the tube comes apart from the container. Let your healthcare provider know if the tubing gets bent, twisted, or the tape comes. NCLEX 26 Review on Chest Tubes. * Hemothorax - an accumulation of blood and fluid in the pleural cavity between the parietal and visceral pleurae, usually as the result of trauma. A chest tube is basically a catheter inserted through the thorax to remove air and fluids from the pleural space and to reestablish a normal intrapleural pressures

Recall Nursing Staff roles/responsibilities for patients with a chest tube and Chest Drainage Unit. 5. Recall special considerations and KEY POINTS while patient is on a Chest Drainage Unit. 6. Review GMHA Policy and Procedure 6353-11-H-14: Care of a Patient with a Thoracic Drainage System and 6313-II-51.00: Care of the patient with Chest Tubes Study results. Twenty-nine registered nurses and 364 patients participated in the study. Overall, nurses spent 7 minutes managing chest tubes during the first four hours of postoperative care and 28.7 minutes in the first 24 hours. Further, nurse comfort with chest tubes was associated with time spent on chest tube management A Heimlich valve is a one-way valve that allows air to flow out of your chest through a chest tube when you breathe out (exhale), but prevents air from entering your chest when you breathe in.. You and your family must follow these instructions for the proper care of the chest tube and the Heimlich valve: Never clamp the chest tube unless told to do so by your doctor Your Care Instructions. A chest tube is a hollow plastic tube. Your doctor put the tube into the space around your lungs to help remove air that shouldn't be there. It can also help drain fluid or blood. You may need the drain because of a punctured or collapsed lung (pneumothorax) or because of a surgery you had

Care of client with chest tube - SlideShar

2. Never clamp a chest tube placed for relief of a tension pneumothorax. a. Clamping may recreate the pneumothorax. b. Clamping the tube next to the chest wall presents no danger, however, if the chest tube has stopped functioning prior to disconnection. 3. The chest tube may be briefly clamped next to the chest wall just long enough to correct II. Care: a. Never clamp the chest tube or remove the valve unless instructed to do so by the surgeon. b. Keep the chest tube to valve connection firm, either by periodically pressing/pushing them together or tape. c. Pulsation of the valve leaflets or honking is normal. d. You should see passage of air or fluid through the valve. e

Place the tube in a bottle of sterile water. If the chest drainage system is disconnected, the end of the tube is placed in a bottle of sterile water held below the level of the chest. The system is replaced if it breaks or cracks or if the collection chamber is full Issue Date: September 2011 Vol. 6 No. 9. Author: Mark Bauman, MS, RN, CCRN, and Claudia Handley, MS, RN, MBA . Many nurses find chest-tube care intimidating—but it doesn't have to be. Once you understand the basics, you can be confident when caring for patients who have chest tubes The chest tube is placed through the skin on the side with the extra air or fluid. You'll be awake during the procedure, but will usually be given medicine for pain and to help you relax. Your healthcare provider cleans and numbs the site with medicine and makes a small cut to put the tube in. Then the healthcare provider stitches the tube to.

A. Ensuring that the chest tube is always clamped during transport. B. Ensuring that the container remains upright and is attached safely to the bedside. C. Ensuring that the water-seal drainage container remains below the chest tube insertion site. D. Monitoring the drainage container. E. Monitoring the patient for signs of deterioration in O2. Chest tube insertion is also referred to as chest tube thoracostomy. It's typically an emergency procedure. It may also be done after surgery on organs or tissues in your chest cavity. During. Pneumothorax and Hemothorax Nursing Care Plan. 2. Nursing Diagnosis: Impaired Gas Exchange related to pneumothorax as evidenced by shortness of breath, SpO2 level of 85%, productive cough, and frothy phlegm Desired Outcome: The patient will maintain optimal gas exchange as evidenced by respiratory rates between 12 to 20 breaths per minutes, oxygen saturation within the target range, and. In addition, this paper discusses patient care following chest drain placement. The first section considers the anatomy associated with pleural cavity disease and initial patient management. The second part explains the indications for thoracostomy tube induction, thoracic drain placement, management including drainage methods, nursing care and.

The nurse is monitoring the chest tube drainage system in a client with a chest tube. The nurse notes intermittent bubbling in the water seal chamber. Which is the most appropriate nursing action? 1.Check for an air leak. 2.Document the findings. 3.Notify the health care provider. 4.Change the chest tube drainage system [IV] line, chest tube, urinary catheter) for correct placement and appropriate function, and ensure they are secured properly. Nursing Interventions in Prolonged Field Care CPG ID: 70 Guideline Only/Not a Substitute for Clinical Judgment 3 The PFC nursing care plan (Appendix B) is a chart of nursing interventions with recommended intervals. Anticipate chest tube placement for large fluid volumes in the lung space. Anticipate chest tube placement. Use best practice guidelines to manage chest tube care: Check the skin condition of the tube insertion site. Any insertion site poses a risk for infection. Interruption of the skin barrier makes it easier for bacteria to invade the body A chest tube is a hollow plastic tube which is inserted into the chest cavity to drain air or fluid. Fluid in the chest may be blood (such as following surgery or trauma), pus (from an infection such as pneumonia), serous fluid, or contain cancer cells. Chest tubes are often inserted after lung surgery to remove fluids during healing

3 Hemothorax and Pneumothorax Nursing Care Plan

Secure the chest tube using a tape. Clamp the chest tube immediately. Place the end of the chest tube in a container of normal sterile saline. Apply an occlusive dressing and notify the physician. Answers and Rationale. 1. Answer: C. Levin tube is a double lumen nasogastric tube with an air vent Change Chest Tube Dressings; Assess Chest Drainage Systems; Prepare for Emergency Response/Chest Tube Safety ; Document; STANDARD OF NURSING CARE 1. Monitor Respiratory System. Breath sounds are assessed at the start of each shift and prn. Respiratory rate, rhythm and effort is monitored continuously for all ventilated patients Aim: This evidence-based project was to implement the best practice to provide safe and effective care to patients with chest tube drainage system in cardiothoracic wards. Methods: Best practice recommendations on monitoring and maintenance of chest drains were retrieved from the Joanna Briggs Institute COnNECT+ database. A checklist was developed based on these recommendations

Chest Tube NCLEX Questions - Registered Nurse R

Nursing: Chest Tube Maintenance and Troubleshooting - YouTube

tube care: chest: [ kār ] the services rendered by members of the health professions for the benefit of a patient. See also treatment . acute care see acute care . admission care in the nursing interventions classification , a nursing intervention defined as facilitating entry of a patient into a health care facility. adult day care a health. The chief danger in passing this tube is the possibility of it entering the trachea rather than the esophagus. Care must also be taken to avoid injury to the mucous membrane. b. Gastric Sump Tube. The gastric sump tube (salem, ventrol) is a flexible, double lumen tube. It is routinely used for continuous suction The Case A 30-year-old woman with a history of cystic fibrosis was admitted to the hospital for management of a spontaneous left pneumothorax (collapse of her lung). She required urgent thoracostomy (chest tube) placement in the emergency department. The chest tube was connected to wall suction in order to promote reexpansion of her lung Tube thoracostomy, also known as open chest drainage, is a surgical procedure to drain the collection of pleural fluid, air, blood, or pus from the pleural cavity through a tube inserted in your chest.. The pleural cavity is the space lying between the pleura (visceral and parietal), the two thin layers that surround the lungs.This space contains a small amount of liquid known as pleural fluid. Nursing Management for patients with endotracheal tube. Ensure that the required oxygen support indicated for the patient is provided. Assess the client's respiratory status at least every 2 hours or frequently as indicated. Note the lung sounds and presence of secretions

Victoria is committed to providing world-leading standards of care for all people living with a mental illness. Rights and advocacy. The Mental Health Act 2014 supports advocacy, diversity, privacy and complaints processes. Chief Mental Health Nurse. Victoria's Chief Mental Health Nurse provides leadership in the mental health nursing secto 10.6 Chest Tube Drainage Systems A chest tube, also known as a thoracic catheter, is a sterile tube with a number of drainage holes inserted into the pleural space (see Figure 10.8).The pleural space is the space between the parietal and visceral pleura, and is also known as the pleural cavity (see Figures 10.9) Assess patient for respiratory distress and chest pain, breath sounds over affected lung area, and stable vital signs. Observe for increase respiratory distress. Chest tube dressing, ensure tubing is patent. Tubing kinks, dependent loops or clots. Chest drainage system, which should be upright and below level of tube insertion. To assess air leak Specific Care Question In pediatric patients with chest tubes (mediastinal tube and pleural tube), should nursing staff regularly clear (stripping, milking) chest tubes. Question Originator Tiffany Mullen, MSN, RN, ACCNS-P, CCRN Literature Summary Background. Chest tubes are placed to evacuate air, blood or exudate from the thoracic cavities Chest tube thoracostomy or chest tube insertion is the insertion of a tube called chest tube into the pleural cavity and less commonly in mediastinum. A chest tube is also called chest drain, thoracic catheter, or intercostal drain. It is a flexible plastic tube that is inserted through the chest wall and into the pleural space or mediastinum

Chest Tubes Nursing Care for the Patient with a Chest

Chest Tube Dressings: A Comparison of Different Methods Susan Kathleen Blackburn Jones University of Missouri-St. Louis, susie.jones@integrisok.co As a result, nursing and other healthcare professionals began to evaluate patient care practices to ensure that safety and efficacy for these therapies exist. Inherent to this evaluation is the. CDU. The LPN may assist in caring for the patient with a chest tube, but should notify the RN of any complications or abnormal findings. 2. Pain management, respiratory status, chest tube dressing, connections, kinks in tubing, drainage and CDU are to be assessed at the beginning of each shift and then every 4 hours, or mor Purpose: To standardize nursing assessment and management of chest tube dressings and to determine the impact of an evidence-based chest tube dressing protocol on rate of infection, skin breakdown and air leaks in post-thoracic surgical patients with chest tubes. Background: Current chest tube dressing management practice is variable, based o After Chest Tube or PleurX Placement. Patients having a chest tube or Pleurx typically stay in the hospital 2-5 days. They have a small tube draining fluid and air from their side. When the tube is removed, the patient can expect to go home. They usually have a PCA for pain which is transitioned to oral pain medications when the tube is removed Trauma Chest Tubes: Bigger is not always better. Dr Zaf Qasim is an attending physician in Emergency Medicine and Critical Care based at the University of Pennsylvania in the United States. He has particular interests in trauma, prehospital care and advanced resuscitation including endovascular techniques. You can find him on Twitter as @ResusOne

Video: Nursing Care Plan For With Chest Tube Clients rnenote

Care of the Patient With Chest Tub

The chest tube systems we use have a numbered chamber ranging from 1-7. An air leak present at level 1 is mild, whereas a leak at level 7 is severe. Over time, your patient's air leak should improve as their pneumothorax improves. If it doesn't, then that's a conversation for you and the doc to have (remember to use your SBAR!) NEONATAL / PEDIATRIC CHEST TUBE PLACEMENT (Neonatal, Pediatric) 6 Percutaneous Chest Tube Insertion - Method #1 . If available, the percutaneous chest tube insertion is the preferred method. It is easier, less invasive, safer, and leaves less of a scar. The safety pneumothorax system includes a blunt, multi-side holed, spring-loaded inne

Describe patient care related to insertion of a chest thoracotomy tube (CTT). Discuss management of patients with a CTT in place. Identify CTT complications. Presented By. Randelle I. Sasa, MA, RN-BC, CMSRN, CCRN Randelle I. Sasa is an assistant professor of nursing at Queensborough Community College, City University of New York in Bayside A chest tube is a hollow plastic tube. Your doctor puts the tube into the space around your lungs to drain away fluid, blood, or air. An injury to the chest or another condition may cause fluid, blood, or air to build up around your lungs. This buildup can also happen after some surgeries. Having fluid, blood, or air in the space around your. The nursing care is the same as for a baby with a pneumothorax except: Prepare atrium chest drain using an adult dry suction chest drain unit (holds 2.1 litres). Do not connect the chest drain to the wall suction: leave as a gravity-drainage system. A chest drain chart is used to record all losses and replacement fluids

Nursing. Chest Tubes - Care and Maintenance Click here for transcript. Thompson Rivers University - Open Learnin Chest Tube. Management for Pleural Disease in Pediatrics. Jessica Cooper, MSN, CPNP-PC Division Pediatric Surgery, University of North Carolina Medical Center, Chapel Hill, NC. Nancy Browne, MS, PPCNP-BC, FAANP, FAAN Nurse Practitioner, WOW Clinic, Northern Light Healthcare Bangor, Maine The use of the checklist prevented adverse events during the evidence implementation period. It can thus be concluded that using a systematic guide to observe and monitor patients with chest tubes enhances the effectiveness and safety of nursing care in the hospital. JBI Evidence Implementation13 (2):58-65, June 2015

The aim of the project was to describe the current nursing practice of chest tube management, manipulation, and knowledge of nursing practice within pediatric intensive care units (ICUs). For detailed results, please review the C4-MNP Chest Tube Management State of Practice Aggregate Results Report A chest tube, also known as a thoracostomy tube, is a flexible tube that can be inserted through the chest wall and into the pleural space. This activity reviews the indications, contraindications, and technique involved in placing a chest tube and highlights the role of the interprofessional team in the care of patients undergoing this procedure

ABC of postoperative intensive care for maxfax oncologyPneumothorax Nursing Care and Management: Study Guide

Care of patient with chest drainage syste

Tube Care: Chest Once chest tube is inserted: Determine if dry seal chest drain or water seal system is used. If water seal system is used: Check suction control chamber for correct amount of suction, as determined by water level, wall or table regulator, at correct setting. Check fluid level in water-seal chamber; maintain at prescribed level For nursing student . × Close Log In. Log In with Facebook Log In with Google. Sign Up with Apple. or. Email: Password: Remember me on this computer. or reset password. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Need an account? Click here to sign up. The tube was removed before you came home. You may have some pain in your chest from the cut (incision) where the tube was put in. For most people, the pain goes away after about 2 weeks. You will have a bandage taped over the wound. Your doctor will remove the bandage and examine the wound in about 2 days. It will take about 3 to 4 weeks for. A chest tube is a plastic tube that is used to drain fluid or air from the chest. Air or fluid (for example blood or pus) that collects in the space between the lungs and chest wall (the pleural space) can cause the lung to collapse. Chest tubes can be inserted at the end of a surgical procedure while a patient is still asleep from anesthesia. NURSING CARE OF THE CLIENT HAVING A CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT PREOPERATIVE CARE •Provide routine preoperative care and teaching as outlined in Chapter 7. ser py f i r•Ve ence of laboratory and diagnostic test results in the chart, including CBC, coagulation profile, urinalysis, chest X-ray,and coronary angiogram. These baseline data are.

Critical Pathways For Cardiac Surgery

Chest Tube Care and Monitoring - MEDTRN

Welcome to the chest tube dressing change refresher. Please use the navigation below to advance to the next page. You may also click on the images to view them at a larger size. The chest tube dressing change module is also available as a PDF for printing. Next Describe how the chest tube dressing study was identified as a need. Identify best practices for chest tube insertion site dressing changes. Recognize the implications for nursing practice identified by the chest tube dressing study. Continuing Education Disclosure Statemen Tube Thoracoscopy. Placement of a chest tube for drainage and management of a MPE is another method which could be utilized. Chest tubes could come in two basic forms the first being poly vinyl chloride (PVC) type catheters which are large and rigid, usually used after surgery because of the thick, bloody drainage Chest drains are usually removed when the drainage is less than 100 to 150 mls over 24 hours or breath sounds have returned to normal and bubbling has ceased. A chest x-ray will confirm that the underlying problem has been resolved. This procedure will require two people, one to remove the drain and the other to tie the sutures to close the wound

11 Things to remember when suctioning - Nursing Crib

Pneumothorax Nursing Care Plan & Management - RNpedi

The nursing interventions that you perform depend on what stage of the pneumothorax you are managing. Onset: Initially, you will be performing your basic nursing assessment . This will be a more focused assessment. You will see many of the symptoms that are listed above. The patient will have sudden onset of chest pain and respiratory distress You will most likely stay in the hospital until your chest tube is removed. In some cases, a person may go home with a chest tube. While the chest tube is in place, your health care provider will carefully check for air leaks, breathing problems, and if you need oxygen. They will also make sure the tube stays in place Coordination with nursing staff is critical is assessing the progress of a patient's chest tube. Nursing staff should record chest tube output carefully to help the doctor determine the appropriate time for chest tube removal Identify and document key nursing diagnoses for Vincent Brody. DX#1 ineffective breathing pattern r/t COPD AEB tachypnea. DX#2 acute pain r/t chest tube insertion AEB patient complaints of pain. DX#3 Risk of infection r/t chest tube insertion. Document pain management interventions and Vincent Brody's response to therapy

NICU Chest Tube Insertion Demo - YouTubeTracheostomy Care - YouTube
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